About


Contents
Preface
List of tables
Abbreviations and symbols
0. Introduction
0.1. Place of Saanich in the Salish languages
0.2. Previous scholarship
0.3. Current status of the language. The informants
0.4. Purpose, focus, and structure of this study
Notes to Section 0

1. Phonology
1.1. Consonants
1.1.1. Obstruents
1.1.2. Resonants. The status of glottalized resonants
1.2. Vowels
1.3. Canonical forms
1.4. Stress
1.4.1. Morpheme stress valence
1.4.2. Other factors
1.4.3. Metathesis
1.5. Other processes
Notes to Section 1

2. Morphology
2.0. Outline of morphology - terminology
Notes to Section 2.0

2.1. Prefixation (excluding person)
2.1.1. ∥s-∥ 'nominalizer'
2.1.2. ∥s-∥ 'stative1'
2.1.3. ∥xʷ-∥ 'locative'
2.1.4. ∥txʷ-∥ 'mutative'
2.1.5. ∥č-∥ 'have'
2.1.6. ∥šxʷ-∥ 'reason for; means to'
2.1.7. ∥čən̕-∥ 'time of'
2.1.8. ∥šxʷ-∥ 'functioning as'
2.1.9. ∥nə-∥ 'basic color'
2.1.10. ∥čə-∥ 'single, alone'
2.1.11. ∥ɬ-∥ 'partake'?
Notes to Section 2.1.

2.2. Suffixation (excluding person and voice)
2.2.1. ∥-i∥ 'persistent'
2.2.2. ∥-əɬ∥ 'durative'
2.2.3. ∥-t∥ 'stative2'
2.2.4. ∥-il∥ 'directional'
2.2.5. ∥-ásəŋ̕∥ 'directionless'
2.2.6. ∥-él̕ŋən∥ 'desiderative'
2.2.7. /-tən/ ∼ /-ən/ 'instrumental'
2.2.8. ∥-nəq∥ 'habitual'
2.2.9. ∥-əl̕∥ 'modified color'
2.2.10. Lexical suffixes
2.2.10.0. Introduction
2.2.10.1. List
2.2.10.2. Connectors
Notes to Section 2.2.

2.3. Radical morphological processes
2.3.0. Introduction
2.3.1. C1C2+ 'characteristic'
2.3.2. C1+ with /(ʔ)/ 'diminutive'
2.3.3. Plural
2.3.3.1. +C1í
2.3.3.2. C1C2+
2.3.3.3. C1C2+ with C2 being /l/ or /l̕/
2.3.3.4. /(l)/
2.3.3.5. Stems that apparently do not change
2.3.3.6. Unaccounted for 'plurals'
2.3.4. C1C2+ 'repetitive'
2.3.5. Actual aspect
2.3.5.1. /(ʔ)/
2.3.5.2. C1+
2.3.5.3. C1+
2.3.5.4. Stress shift/metathesis
2.3.5.5. Morphemes with special 'actuals'
2.3.5.6. Unaccounted for 'actuals'
2.3.6. Resultive 130
2.3.6.1. C1+
2.3.6.2. ə/a, ə/e ablaut
2.3.7. +C2 'out-of-control'?
2.3.8. Ordering of radical morphological processes
2.3.9. Unaccounted for reduplication
Notes to Section 2.3.

2.4. Person
2.4.0. Introduction
2.4.1. Predicative
2.4.2. Possessive
2.4.3. Objective
2.4.4. Subjective
2.4.5. Summary paradigms
Notes to Section 2.4.

2.5. Voice
2.5.0. Introduction
2.5.1. Control
2.5.2. Transitives
2.5.2.1. ∥-ət∥ 'control transitive'
2.5.2.2. ∥-naxʷ∥ 'non-control transitive'
2.5.2.3. ∥-staxʷ∥ 'causative'
2.5.2.4. ∥-nəs∥ 'purposive'
2.5.2.5. ∥-əs∥ 'effort'?
2.5.3. Factives.
2.5.3.1. ∥-si∥ 'indirective'
2.5.3.2. ∥-ŋiy∥ 'relational'
2.5.4. Intransitives.
2.5.4.1. /-əlaʔ/ ∼ /-el̕s/ 'structured activity'
2.5.4.2. ∥-əŋ∥ 'control middle'
2.5.4.3. ∥-naŋət∥ 'non-control middle'
2.5.4.4. ∥-əŋ∥ 'passive'
2.5.4.5. ∥-tal̕∥ 'control reciprocal'
2.5.4.6. ∥-nəwel∥ 'non-control reciprocal'
2.5.4.7. ∥-sat∥ 'reflexive'
Notes to Section 2.5.

2.6. Particles
2.6.1. Pre-predicate particles
2.6.1.1. ∥kʷɬ∥ 'realized'
2.6.1.2. ∥sə∥ 'unrealized'
2.6.1.3. ∥ʔiʔ∥ 'accompanying'
2.6.1.4. ∥ʔəw̕∥ 'contemporaneous'
2.6.1.5. ∥čəɬ∥ 'immediate past'
2.6.1.6. ∥təwə∥ 'still, yet'
2.6.1.7. ∥ʔiʔwəwə∥ 'perhaps'
2.6.2. Post-predicate particles
2.6.2.0. Introduction
2.6.2.1. First position.
2.6.2.1.1. ∥ə∥ 'yes/no question'
2.6.2.1.2. ∥čə∥ 'command'
2.6.2.2. Second position
2.6.2.2.1. ∥č̕əʔ∥ 'evidential'
2.6.2.2.2. ∥yəq∥ 'optative'
2.6.2.2.3. ∥yəxʷ∥ 'conjectural'
2.6.2.2.4. ∥q∥ 'conditional'
2.6.2.3. Third position.
2.6.2.3.1. ∥ləʔ∥ 'past'
2.6.2.3.2. ∥səʔ∥ 'future'
2.6.2.4. Fourth position
2.6.2.5. Fifth position.
2.6.2.5.1. ∥q̕əʔ∥ 'emphatic'
2.6.2.5.2. ∥kʷəʔ∥ 'informative'
2.6.2.5.3. ∥ʔačə∥ 'request information'
2.6.2.5.4. ∥kʷəče∥ 'explanative'
2.6.2.5.5. ∥helə∥ '2nd person pluralizer'
2.6.2.5.6. ∥ʔal̕∥ 'limiting'
2.6.2.6. Unknown position
2.6.2.6.1. ∥čtəʔ∥ 'probable'
2.6.2.6.2. ∥waʔačə∥ 'presumptive'
2.6.3. Demonstratives. .
2.6.3.0. Bases: ∥-eʔə∥, ∥-iʔə∥, ∥-əwlə∥, ∥-ə∥
2.6.3.1. ∥kʷ-∥ 'invisible, remote'.
2.6.3.2. ∥t-∥ 'not invisible or generally existent'
2.6.3.3. ∥θ-∥ 'particular feminine individual'
2.6.3.4. ∥s-∥ 'particular individual, thing, or class'
2.6.3.5. ∥l-∥ 'particular place' ∥ɬ-∥ 'particular near place'
2.6.3.6. Unresolved problems
2.6.4. Other particles
2.6.4.1. ∥ʔə∥ 'oblique case marker'
2.6.4.2. ∥kʷə∥ 'subordinator'
Notes to Section 2.6.

3. Sample text: 'Raven abandons his son'
3.1. Text with interlinear analysis
3.2. Sentence by sentence translation

References

List of Tables
1. Consonants
2. Vowels
3. Lexical suffixes
4. Predicative pronominals
5. Possessive pronominals
6. Object suffix set 1
7. Object suffix set 2
8. Main clause subject pronominals.
9. Subordinate clause subject pronominals
10. Pre-predicate particles
11. Post-predicate particles
12. Demonstrative formatives